Name: _____________________

The Church in the Dark Ages Worksheet
chapter seven, pp. 405-428

Fill in the blank

1. Charlemagne saw it as his duty to ___________ the Church.
2. Charlemagne made ____ expeditions in his 45-year reign.
3. One of Charlemagne’s most noteworthy campaigns was against the Barbarian _____________. The war lasted ____ years.
4. Charlemagne also liquidated the leaders of _______________, including his own cousin.
5. All of __________________ was united under Charlemagne.
6. Charlemagne was tempted to begin a ___________ against the Muslims in Spain. Instead he settled for creating a French _______________ south of the ______________ Mountains (see map. p. 409), the first step towards a _______________ of Spain.
7. Charlemagne’s religious policies were very ___________. Capital punishment was not only imposed for murderers and thieves, but for those who refused to ___________ during Lent, those who ate _______ on Friday, and anyone who refused _____________.
8. Some Church leaders, such as ______________, objected to these methods. ________________ were charged with “damage control.”
9. In Charlemagne’s time, _______________ was the Caliph of _____________.
10. In Jerusalem, _______________ were becoming increasingly numerous under the domination of the Caliph.
11. Charlemagne saw himself was “the pious __________ of the bishops.” He confused the ____________ and the ______________ realms. He nominated important _______________ and ______________. The Church leaders became civil _______________.
12. The forty-five years of Charlemagne’s reign were a glorious epoch for the _______________. Many new ___________ were established. These became essentially _______________, with ______________, ________________, ______________, __________________, _________________, and ______________________. In return, the king demanded _____________ from them.
13. A _______________ to the Church, amounting to _____ of one’s income, was made mandatory by law.
14. Charlemagne worked hard to choose bishops who were _____________ for the position. Members of the clergy were required to be literate in the _________ tongue (i.e., common language of the people) each Sunday. He also imposed order on the ________________.
15. Charlemagne believed that ordinary laymen should know how to recite the Apostle’s ___________ and the _________ Prayer. For Charlemagne, a poor practicing Christian was a ___________ and an ___________.
16. Under Charlemagne, the _____________ liturgy of Rome spread throughout the Empire.
17. Thanks to Charlemagne, the Church in Rome teaches that the ___________ proceeds from both the Father and the Son.
18. Charlemagne was opposed to the use of _________, which were allowed at an ecumenical council in 787 A.D.
19. Under Charlemagne, the Church was obligated to care for the ___________, the ____________, the _____________ and the _____________ children.
20. _______________ was completely entrusted to the Church. Parish ____________ were to teach local children. The great ____________ and ______________ all controlled schools that provided the equivalent of _______________ or _________________ education. In the first, the __________ of ______________, _______________, and ___________ was taught. In the second, the ________________ of _______________, ___________________, _____________________, and _____________ was taught.
21. Charlemagne’s cultural reforms brought about the ____________ _____________. It was centered at the city of _____________-la-______________.
22. ______________, a ___________ mink, was Charlemagne’s minister of education.
23. ______________, the first biographer of Charlemagne, was also ____________-in-chief of the royal buildings.
24. Charlemagne died in _______ A.D. “And when Charles died the world lost its _________,” wrote Einhard.
25. Almost right after his death, Charlemagne was turned into a ______________ figure.

Short answer

1. How were tithes to the Church used?

2. Describe the intellectual activity at Charlemagne’s court. Who was involved?