Name: _____________________

The Church in the Dark Ages Worksheet
chapter seven, pp. 373-390

Fill in the blank

1. The eighth century was a _________ in history.
2. The political thought of St. ________ was given more attention during this time.
3. Taking their clues from The City of God, theologians began to argue for uniting _________ and __________.
4. Many European intellectuals believed in the need to build a _____________ civilization. This set the stage for the ‘ _____________ Renaissance.’
5. In order to create a truly Christian society, it was believed that a _____________ man was needed. The kernel of this idea was found in St. Augustine’s book ______________.
6. There were three main powers in Italy at the beginning of the eighth century: the ______________, the _______________, and the _________________.
7. Through his charitable works, the ________________ was the only social leader in Italy.
8. The _____________ of 554 A.D. gave the Pope real political rights.
9. In the eighth century, the Popes worked themselves free from the tutelage of _________________.
10. Pope _________ was the last bishop of Rome to journey to ___________. The year was 710 A.D.
11. The last Greek Hellenistic Pope was ___________, who died in ______ A.D.
12. Ever since the time of St. Gregory the Great, Popes lived in perpetual fear of the ________________.
13. __________ flowed into Rome after ill-treatment by the Germans.
14. After the Lombards were ____________, Italy was covered with new Catholic basilicas. The Lombards wanted to replace the Byzantines as the Pope’s ___________________.
15. By the time of Pepin, the kingdom of the Franks was divided into five states: _____________, _______________, __________________, __________________, and _____________________.
16. Frankish lands were in a state of almost _____________, a happy development in the minds of the great ________________.
17. The position of _____________ became very powerful in the Frankish kingdom. It was the role of the king’s ______________.
18. From 687-714 A.D., _____________ exercised complete sovereignty over the Frankish lands. He was the real founder of the _____________ dynasty.
19. In _____ A.D. Charles Martel defeated the ______________________.
20. The armies of Islam crossed the __________ Mountains from __________ north into ______________ in _____ A.D.
21. By 732 A.D., the Muslims held the _______ part of Gaul (France), and the Muslim emir, ___________________, advanced toward _____________, the wealthiest city on the Loire River.
22. The Muslims and Christian Frankish armies met in __________ in France in October 732 A.D.
23. The Franks wore coasts of ___________ and metal ____________ into battle.
24. The victory of the Franks over the Muslims in 732 A.D. put and end to Muslim___________ in the West.
25. In 722 A.D., Pope Gregory II asked Charles Martel to help and support the missionary work of St. _________. As a result of these missionary efforts, __________ Germanic peoples were converted within a generation.
26. The son of Charles Martel was __________ (741-767 A.D.). Like his father, he was a faithful _________________.
27. During his final years, Charles Martel acted like a ____________, and the throne beside him was left ____________.
28. Pepin staged a ____________ against King ____________ in 751 A.D. and took the throne from him. It was the beginning of the ____________
29. Pepin sought legitimacy from the __________________.
30. During the summer of 751 A.D., Pepin was ____________ by St. _________ at ______________. It was a sign of ____________ between the two sides.
31. Pope _________ (752-757 A.D.) personally appealed to Pepin for protection against the ____________ in Italy. Pepin agreed.
32. After Lombard attacks on Rome, Pepin called for the creation of the ____________ state. The territory given to the Pope by Pepin was allegedly given to Pope ______________ by _______________. From then on, the Pope was independent of the _______________ king.

Short answer

1. What three ideas motivated the West in the eighth century?

2. Discuss the power wielded by the Popes in Italy in the eighth century.

3. What made Rome opt decisively for the West?

4. For what three reasons did the Popes appeal to the Franks for support?