Name: _____________________

The Church in the Dark Ages Worksheet
chapter six, pp. 312-326

Fill in the blank

1. In the spring of 614 A.D. the city of ___________ was captured by the soldiers of the Persian king, ____________. The Church of the ___________ was set on fire. ______ died and ______ Christians were taken into slavery.
2. The Church of the __________ was not touched by the Persian armies because of a _________ which depicted Persian national costumes.
3. The ___________ had been torn off the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and sent back to Persia.
4. Two relics, the ___________ and the ___________, were saved and then dispatched to Constantinople.
5. In the East, the Byzantine emperors were town between the dream of one single _____________ and the reality of defending the East against _____________.
6. About 550 A.D., a new empire in Central Asia, the __________, emerged. Their ruler was known as _________.
7. Also threatening Byzantium by the end of the sixth century were the _________, an empire to the east. Their king was ________ (590-628 A.D.), the last in a line that included King __________, King _________, and King __________. All three were mentioned in the Bible.
8. The king of the empire to the east of Byzantium had an entourage that included _______ garbed in dazzling satins, sountless _______, and manservants holding tamed _______ by their leashes. His army included nine hundred ____________ and he had a ________ of twelve thousand women.
9. The king to the east attacked Byzantium under the pretext of _______ his old friend, Emperor ____________.
10. _________ was the Emperor of Byzantium from 610-641 A.D. He was ___ years old when he took office. His personal ___________ was almost excessive, and he was an ardent __________.
11. Daniel-Rops called this new emperor of Byzantium the first ________, the prototype of the brave _______ who went to recover the Church of the _________. He was strongly supported by the ________.
12. A ___________ between Byzantines and Persians began on April 6, 632 A.D. It lasted ____ years.
13. Byzantium was saved from Chosroes when the Patriarch ________ rallied the people around _________, whose pictures were paraded in front of soldiers.
14. On March 23, ______A.D., the Byzantine emperor brought the _______ back to Jerusalem, bearing it upon his own _________.
15. On the eve of Islam’s rise, the East was _________ and ___________.
16. The Byzantines faced a revival of ________ in the countries of _________ and __________, the two principal foundations of the Empire.
17. The hierarchy of the five patriarchies ( ____________, _____________, ____________, _____________, and _____________ ) contributed to the separatist tendencies within the Byzantine Empire.
18. The Byzantine emperors had an inconsistent relationship with the __________ in Rome.
19. For the average Byzantine resident, ___________ today could easily become _________ tomorrow.
20. The Emperor Heraclius, in an attempt to unify warring factions within the empire, promulgated the heresy of ____________, which said Jesus Christ has only one __________, and not a human one.
21. Heraclius’ new doctrine was resisted by Pope St. _______ (649-655 A.D.). For his troubles, the Pope was _______ and put in ________ for three months. Then he was given a _______ trial and _________ to Crimea, where he died a martyr.
22. The doctrine of Heraclius was condemned at the Third Council of ________ in 681 A.D.
23. The Council ‘of the Cupola’ in 691 A.D. declared that the see of Constantinople had “the same rights” as the see of ________.
24. ________ was the last Pope to go to Byzantium. This was in the early ________ century.
25. Within the Byzantine Empire, those who retained the orthodox faith were called __________.

Short answer

1. Discuss the ‘crusade’ of Emperor Heraclius. What were the results?