Name: _____________________

The Church in the Dark Ages Worksheet
chapter three, pp. 119-149

Fill in the blank

1. The Emperor ________ made Byzantium his capital in _____ A.D.
2. Byzantium finally fell in _____ A.D., centuries after the collapse of Rome.
3. The great meeting place in Byzantium was called the ___________.
4. Most residents of Byzantium lived in a state of _______. They were not ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ thinkers.
5. Byzantine society was, above all, a __________ society.
6. Christianity originated in the _______ Mediterranean, in lands that came to be part of Byzantium.
7. Two cities where early Christians lived were _________ and _________, both part of Byzantium.
8. The main language of Byzantium was __________.
9. Name three famous Christians from the lands of Byzantium: ___________, __________, _____________.
10. Eastern Christian theologians devoted much time to writing about _____________, the Theotokos (or ‘God bearer’).
11. Emperor __________ earned the nickname ‘the Calligrapher’ because of his precise handwriting.
12. In 532 A.D., St. ______ died at 100 after serving the Lord for 92 years.
13. The Byzantine Empire was filled with men who became _________ and sought out places of contemplation in the __________. Their elite members were called _________. The common people considered them ________.
14. If Eastern Christianity had a fault, it was that it tended to go to ____________, and this resulted in the spread of dangerous __________.
15. Soldiers had to enter the Church of _________ ten or twelve times in the course of a century, to restore order. Violence also broke out at the Council of _________ in 449 A.D.
16. Despite the power of Byzantine emperors, they still had to fear popular ________.
17. Name three Byzantine emperors who ruled between 330 A.D. and 518 A.D. ____________, ______________, _________________.
18. In Byzantium, the emperor was considered God’s ____________ on earth.
19. The tragic flaw in the Byzantine empire was that ______ and _______ were not kept separate.
20. St. John Chrysostom was bishop of ___________. He followed his _________, not the whims of the Byzantine emperor.
21. The first time St. John Chrysostom was _______, he was recalled when Constantinople was hit with _____________.
22. The night before St. John Chrysostom died, he had a ________ of the martyr Basiliscus.
23. The Arians denied the deity of ________.
24. The Pneumatomacians denied that __________ was God.
25. The Pelagains denied salvation by _______.
26. The great theological conflict of the 5th century involved the _________ of Christ. Was Jesus fully _______ as well as fully _________?
27. __________, a theologian from Antioch, said that there were two _______ in Jesus Christ. He also said that we have no right to call the Virgin Mary ______________. His heresy was condemned by the Church at the Council of _________ in 431 A.D.
28. The ___________ taught that there was one nature in Christ. Pope Leo I condemned this viewpoint, asserting the Catholic doctrine that there are two natures in the one person, Jesus Christ. The heresy was formally condemned at the Council of _________ in 451 A.D.

Short answer

1. List the three reasons why the Barbarians could not overtake Byzantium.

2. What was the geographical composition of the Byzantine Empire?

3. Give three examples of the extreme lengths that ascetics went to worship God.

4. Describe the typical Byzantine Basileus (King).